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Bloodstone

Frequently mistaken for a Jasper - Blood Stone is actually a type of chalcedony. It has a hardness of 7 on the Mohs scale.

Bloodstone is one of the birthstones for March, and is also known as heliotrope. It is a form of the abundant mineral quartz - specifically cryptocrystalline quartz. Cryptocrystalline quartz is a mass of tiny quartz crystals formed together in large lumps that show no external crystal form, yet each of the component crystals that make up the mass is a genuine crystal. This quartz variety is also called chalcedony. Green chalcedony spotted with flecks of red is known as bloodstone. Bloodstone is found embedded in rocks, or as pebbles in riverbeds. The best sources of this stone are India, Brazil, and Australia, but. Blood Stone is found around the world, from Australian to Brazil, to China to the U.S. This particular lot of stone is from India.

According to legend, bloodstone was believed to have formed during the crucifixion of Christ. The story is that a Roman soldier thrust his spear into Christ’s side and drops of blood fell on some pieces of dark green jasper lying at the foot of the cross, and thus bloodstone was created. Because of this, Bloodstone became a favored material for carving religious subjects, particularly the Crucifixion. Italian artist Matteo del Nassaro (around 1525) made particular good use of the colouring in the stone by crafting “The Descent from the Cross” so that the spots of red in the bloodstone represented the wounds of Christ and drops of blood.

Before that, the Babylonians used this stone to make seals and amulets, and it was also a favorite with Roman gladiators. In the Middle Ages, applying "like-to-like" reasoning, bloodstone was believed to hold particular healing powers for blood related disorders, including stopping nosebleeds, and to treat tumors and stop all types of hemorrhage. Ancient alchemists used it to treat blood disorders, including blood poisoning and the flow of blood from a wound. Bloodstone was also believed to draw out the venom of snakes.

Metaphysically - Blood Stone is considered a stone of courage.

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